분사 (동사 +ing, 동사 + ed) => 형용사 역활
분사는 동사처럼 목적어 보어를 가질수 있다
You look exited.
The drama is exciting
The members expected to attend are revceived the mail
입학시험에 합격해서 나는 휴식을 취했다.
Having passed the entrance exam, I took a rest
=> After I had passed the entrance exam, I took a rest
Arriving late, I scolded him
Because he arrived late, I scolded him
Arriving late, I will scold him
If he arrive late, I will scold him
He arrived late , being scolded by me.
He arrived late and he was scolded by me.